Under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (as last reauthorized in 2001 and formerly referred to as No Child Left Behind), enrollment and achievement data are used to determine if a school has made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) towards meeting the goals for 2014 that are set forth in the federal law and state plans based on the federal law. Data are analyzed at the close of each school year; Title I schools who do not make AYP enter a program of school improvement and must offer additional education options to students the following school year. In the first year a school operates in school improvement, parents/guardians of all students are offered the option to transfer their student to another school through a program called Public School Choice (PSC). In the event of limited space at the designated receiving schools, priority to transfer is given to the lowest achieving students at sending schools. In Arlington Public Schools (APS), the lowest achieving students in such situations are identified as defined by the APS School Board. These transfers are offered for at least two school years—more depending on continuing AYP performance—and students may opt in or out at any time that the program is offered. In the second year of school improvement, Supplemental Educational Services (SES)—free tutoring services provided by third parties—are offered to eligible students. Only students who are designated as Economically Disadvantaged (students that are enrolled in Free/Reduced meals) are eligible to participate in SES.
The APS schools listed in the following tables have participated in one or both of these programs in at least one year beginning with the 2007-08 year: Table 1 presents data on eligible and participating students in PSC, while Table 2 presents data on eligible and participating students in SES. The data presented include students that were in APS membership at any point during the school year and those participating in a program at any point during the same year. A data point marked with an endash indicates that the school did not offer PSC / SES in the given year.
1All students attending a school offering ESEA PSC transfers are eligible for the transfer, though in the event of limited space at receiving schools, priority is given to the lowest achieving students at sending schools. In SY2007-08 through SY2010-11, APS was able to accommodate all requested transfers. The "Eligible Students" figure includes all K-5 students for which the school was responsible at any point during the school year.
2ESEA PSC transfers are offered for multiple years: These figures include any student who elected to transfer to another school through the PSC program and attended that school during the data year, regardless of whether it was the initial year of the transfer or a subsequent year.
1"Total Enrollment" includes all students who attended a school at any point during the school year.
2 SES-eligible students are economically disadvantaged students who attended a school offering SES. The figure presented here includes K-5 students that attended the school at any point during the school year.